Installing Active Directory in Windows 2012 Server

How to install Active Directory in Windows 2012 Server

This article explains how to install and configure Active Directory on Windows Server 2012. Free step by step tutorial for installing and configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2012.

In this step by step study guide and article you will learn the process of how to install Active Directory in Windows 2012 Server.

 There could be a question rising in your mind that why do we need to install active directory to the server?

Let me answer your question, active directory promote a server into domain controller, once a server promoted into a domain controller, its function area get span over big boundary, a single standalone server cannot managed its resources effectively but once active directory installed it create and save a central repository database to contain all its objects & resources on a central location. In windows 2012 server we will start this process with Server Manager Console.

Before starting active directory installation we will first provide the static IP to the server & change the hostname.

1.    We will login into the server through Remote Desktop by using mstsc command in run as shown below.

install Active Directory in Windows 2012

Note: mstsc – Microsoft Terminal Service Console – is use to take remote desktop of other computer on your desktop.

2.    Type the Server IP address (192.168.0.90) in the address column  & click on Connect Button.as shown below.

IP address (192.168.0.90)

3.    On the Credential window, type administrator in Username Text Box & abc@1234 in Password text box & click on ok button as shown in below screenshot.

administrator in Username

4.    On the Certificate Verification window click on Yes button as shown in below screenshot.

Certificate Verification window

5.    Once you click on yes & enter into the server, you can server desktop screen on your desktop as shown below

server desktop screen

6.    First we will provide the static IP address to a server & then will change the Hostname of the server, to do so put you mouse cursor on the left down corner of the desktop & you can see a small pop-up window click on that.

static IP address to a server

7.    It will take you to the start screen of the server as shown below.

start screen of the server

8.    Right click on Computer icon & a checkmark will appear on the icon as shown below

Computer icon & a checkmark

9.    Click on Properties icon given in the Down Taskbar as shown below (Marked with orange color arrow).

Down Taskbar as shown below

10.    Windows system properties screen will appear as shown below.

Windows system properties screen

11.    Click on Change settings as shown below (Marked with Blue color arrow).

Change settings as shown below

12.    On the system properties window click on change button as shown below.(Marked with yellow color)

properties window click on change button

13.    As you click on change button you can see the default server name in the next appearing window as shown below.

click on change button

14.    Rename the server as TEST & click on ok button as shown below.

server as TEST & click on ok button

15.    Click on ok on the next popup window to restart the server as shown below

popup window

16.    Click on close button as shown

Click on close button as shown

17.    Click on Restart Now button to restart as shown.

Click on Restart Now button to restart as shown

18.    After server has restarted we will now change the IP address of the server. To do so right click on the network icon given in the right down corner of server desktop & select Open Network & sharing center as shown

Open Network & sharing center

19.    On the Networking & sharing center window click on Ethernet

Networking & sharing center window

20.    Click on Properties of the network

Click on Properties of the network

21.    On the Ethernet Properties window select Internet Protocol Version4 & click on Properties  button as shown below

Internet Protocol Version4

22.    Fill up the IP address Manually & click on ok as shown below

Fill up the IP address Manually

23.    Click on Close

Click on Close

24.    Now click on Server manager icon given on the left down corner as shown

Server manager icon

25.    Click on Add Roles & feature on the server manager console window as shown below

Add Roles & feature on the server manager


26.    Click on Next button

Click on Next button

27.    Select Role based  or feature based  Installation as shown below

Role based  or feature based  Installation

28.    Select the default settings & click on Next as shown below.

default settings & click on Next

29.    On the Server Roles window Select Active Directory Domain & Services as shown below

Active Directory Domain & Services

30.    As you select a small pop-up window will open showing you the features will be added through this services. Click on Add features button as shown

pop-up window

31.    Click on Next

Click on Next

32.    Click on Next again to choose Group Policy Management to apply the group polices for the domain.

Group Policy Management

33.    Click on Next to continue with default settings as shown below

Next to continue with default settings

34.    On the Next window Select the option “Restart the destination server automatically if required” if you want to enable other administration tools & Click on Install as shown

33 Restart the destination server automatically if required

35.    As you can see that features installation has started on the server as shown below

features installation has started

36.    Click on close once finish the installation

Click on close once finish the installation

37.    On the Server manager Dashboard click on tool & in the dropdown list you can see Active directory Services has been installed. As shown below

Server manager Dashboard

38.    After “Active Directory Domain Services” roles have been installed and now it is time to promote the server to a Domain Controller to do so click on the Notification given on the top right corner near the Flag & select the option “Promote this server to a domain Controller” as shown

Promote this server to a domain Controller

39.    On the Deployment Configuration click on Add New Forest as there is no domain/tree or forest structure exist so we will do the following

Deployment Configuration

40.    On the Domain Controller option continue with default settings & give DSRM(Directory Service Restore Mode) password so that you could restore the same on another server in case of active directory services corrupt or down

(Directory Service Restore Mode)

41.    Click on Next on DNS delegation window as we have already assigned DNS address in network properties so it will not give us any warning.

DNS delegation window

42.    On the additional option window it will automatically take WINS name from the Host name of the server, click on Next as shown below

window it will automatically

43.    The next window will show you the location of Active directory database, Log files & Sysvol folders so that you can these in case of any issue. You can also change the location by selection drop down. Click on Next as shown below

location by selection drop down.

44.    The next window will show you the review of your selected option if you have any doubt about any option you can go to previous window & change if not then click on Next.

window will show you the review

45.    The next window will run the Prerequisite check test. If this test is pass successfully it will start active directory installation & writing NTDS database on server to promote it to Domain controller.

window will run the Prerequisite

46.    As you can see Prerequisite check test is passed & now Click on Install as shown below.

Prerequisite check test is passed

47.    The Process has been started as shown below.

The Process has been started as shown below

47-1

47-2

48.    After this Server will be restarted automatically.

After this Server will be restarted automatically

49.    Server is coming up as shown

Server is coming up as shown

50.    On the server manager Dashboard click on Tools & open Active Directory Users & computers.

server manager Dashboard

51.    Now you can see that your server is promoted to domain controller & you have new Domain ABC.com in the below given screenshot.

domain controller

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