10BASE-5 is what is referred to as the standard in Ethernet coaxial cables. These cables have the capability to transfer data at the speed of 10Mbps up to 500 meters. It uses the baseband transmission. These cables are also widely known as Thicknet, ThickWire or thick Ethernet.
The 10BASE-5 is the first of the recognized network standards for data transfer along with the 10BASE2. The name of the cable derived the same way as the 10BASE2 in which the 10 refers to the 10Mbps data transfer speed rate. The 5 comes from the 500 meter max length for the cable segments.
This cable is superior to the 10BASE2 in the form that it is similar to the RG-8/U cable but with a much thicker shield and braiding which makes it highly resistant to network interferences. The covering on the wire also has the ability to help prevent overheating and fires.
The 10BASE5 network cable segments or (LAN) can have up to a maximum of 100 nodes. Each of these nodes connects to the network segments or cable by using an N-connector. They must have a connection distance of 2.5 meters between one another though. Nodes can also be used with a vampire clam which will enable the addition of a new node into a live network.
Even though this cable configuration is better than the 10BASE2 connection coaxial cable, it is still mainly obsolete in today’s networking configurations. This is still found in some places that it can prove useful such as small businesses and some homes, the demand for higher speeds demands higher cable capabilities.